Pet Care Center

Have you started to observe your dog scratching and itching excessively? Is the itching causing wide open wounds and disappearance of fur on your best friend? If so, this is a possible sign that your canine friend may possibly be suffering from dog allergies. Dogs do not show the standard reddened eyes and a watery nose like humans do when we are suffering with an allergy. Other indications can include unordinary licking of a given area, or gnawing of the paws causing them to bleed.

What Causes Skin Allergies in Dogs?

An allergic reaction can occur when a dog's immune system overreacts to individual substances. The body creates antibodies as a means of protection after the cause of the animal's allergy enters the body. These antibodies will next join to immune cells in skin and other organs of the body. So, when the allergens slowly enter the tissue, the antibodies incite the immune cells to discharge powerful substances (known as histamines) into the surrounding tissue. This will then lead to swelling and dog itching.
There are various factors to take into account when locating the trigger of allergies in dogs. An allergy that affects a canine's skin is usually triggered by one (or several) of the following: food, airborne allergens, and fleas.

Flea Allergy or Flea Dermatitis is generally caused by saliva from a flea. That is why it's very significant to rid your pet of fleas regularly.

An atopic allergy is incited by the breathing in of airborne particles in the environment, consisting of mold spores, cigarette smoke, dust and pollen, activate atopic allergies. If a dog has pollen allergies, the dog will display signs, even when kept in the house as the particles will migrate into the home. Coughing, sneezing and wheezing often are signs of this type of allergy.

Food allergies are the third most frequent kind of dog allergy. The most probable causes for food allergies in dogs consist of: corn, milk, chicken, soy, beef, wheat and eggs. Vomiting and diarrhea generally go along with this variety  of allergy.

Contact allergies are the least frequently seen form of allergy in pets and is triggered by contacting something. Triggers may include wool, plastic and grass. A few pets can have allergic reactions to some chemicals in the household, but it isn’t very common.

Identifying Dog Allergies

A veterinarian may be able to identify the problem, but it might take a system of elimination to uncover the cause of the dog’s skin allergy and may perhaps refer the dog to a veterinarian that’s a skin specialist. If fleas are ruled out, your pet could be put on an elimination food regimen for a couple of months. The dog is given food it hasn’t eaten in the past, for instance, duck, venison, and potatoes, with the past food being introduced slowly until the allergy returns.

The allergen is deemed to be one or more ingredients if the animals scratching decreases by about half of what it was previously. When testing for atopic and contact dog allergies, veterinary dermatologists utilize an intradermal allergy examination that functions by slightly tranquilizing the dog with small quantities of probable allergens that are injected into the skin on the shaved area. If the dog is allergic to a certain substance, the skin will become inflamed close to the area of injection.

Treatments for Skin Allergies in Dogs

Keeping the dog away from allergens and curing the symptoms of skin allergies in dogs are the soundest approaches toward treatment. Drugs such as antihistamines and steroids are frequently prescribed to ease consequences of itching and swelling in dogs, though like all medicines they could be associated with harmful side effects and the long term effects are unknown.

Extensive treatment using steroids is not recommended because these drugs work by repressing the immune system. Extensive steroid use could eventually leave your dog vulnerable to infections, diabetes and further illnesses.

Herbal Treatments

Luckily for pet enthusiasts, there are numerous safe, homeopathic and herbal natural remedies for skin allergies in dogs.

Althaea officinalis root is an exceptional and popular remedy for restoring the skin while Melaleuca alternifolia can be put on externally to promote healthy skin and keeping the animal’s skin sterile. Homeopathic remedies including Apis and Ledum have excellent healing properties and are notably helpful in healing reddened and irritated skin, or small bites and lesions.

For Further Reading:
  1.   How to Cope with Dog Allergies and Possible Treatments
  2.   What Are Dog Allergies and Finding Treatment Options
  3.   Coping with Skin Allergies in Dogs and Finding Treatments
  4.   Diagnosing Dog Allergies and Locating Remedies
  5.   Diagnosing Allergies In Dogs And Possible Remedies

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